By Matt Stroud, Criminal Justice Researcher/Writer, ACLU of Pennsylvania
(Excerpt from Andy Hoover’s Closing prisons isn’t a good thing or a bad thing. It’s a thing.)
Last Friday, Department of Corrections Secretary John Wetzel announced that the DOC will close two state prisons. He identified five finalists for closure.
Closing prisons is a good thing if it’s happening for the right reasons. Governor Tom Wolf said the closures would save the commonwealth money during a time when strains on the state budget are significant. Wetzel said transferring the inmates from closed prisons would be manageable.
But what happens when the department puts the same amount of people into a smaller space? A prison is like a small town of a few thousand people. Any time the population increases significantly in a short amount of time, it has the potential to strain resources and services.
We and our allies have raised concerns about the impact on the living conditions of inmates. John Hargreaves of the Pennsylvania Prison Society told PennLive, “When they run out of space, the dayrooms and the gyms are filled up with beds,” he said. “Those are the places the inmates go to get out and let out steam.” Since 2009, the population of Pennsylvania’s state prisons has decreased by 7.6 percent, from a peak of 52,000 to its present population of 48,000. The decrease amounts to roughly the population of two prisons..
Which sounds good. But is the commonwealth really doing enough to lower prison populations?
Other states have been more serious about ending mass incarceration than Pennsylvania has. Mississippi decreased its population 17 percent in two years by reforming its parole system. In Pennsylvania, the legislature and then-Governor Tom Corbett repealed our early release program in 2012.
Sometime this month, the Justice Reinvestment Initiative, a project initiated by the commonwealth’s three branches of government to analyze data on the criminal justice system and to offer recommendations for a more efficient system, will release its final report. At a meeting last month, researchers for the project stated that, if every recommendation is implemented, our state prison population will drop one percent by 2022. That hardly qualifies as bold thinking.
Closing prisons is not a good thing or a bad thing. It’s just a thing. In our work on mass incarceration, the closing of prisons has never been an end unto itself. It’s a result of the goal we seek, and the goal we seek is a common-sense approach to sentencing and parole policy. If that’s why two state prisons are closing, that’s great. If the DOC does not carefully monitor conditions for the same amount of people in fewer spaces, then they can expect to hear from us and our allies again.
IN OTHER NEWS
(Criminal justice news that could use a second look.)
Terrell Thomas lost his brother to gun violence. Photo from PublicSource.
- From Public Source: “The ‘new Pittsburgh’ takes root on the Hilltop. But gun violence remains.”
“Everybody wants to hide behind this mask that we’re doing the best we can,” said Carrington, founder of Voices Against Violence and a resident of Beltzhoover. “You’re full of shit. We’re not doing anything.”
- From The Associated Press, following up an ongoing story reported in December by The Times-Tribune: “More female inmates allege sexual assault at Lackawanna County prison”
“The accused guards coerced the incarcerated women into the sex acts by giving them extra privileges or threatening to take away privileges or throw them in the restricted housing unit, the suit says. When they were free, the guards manipulated them into having sex by threatening to have their probation revoked, the suit says. Two of the women say they tried to report the abuse to other guards and prison officials. Rather than help them, the guards harassed and berated them and actively helped the abusive guards conceal the assaults, the suit says.”
Read the second amended complaint of the lawsuit here.
- From The Inquirer: “Shooting of deliveryman results in largest police settlement in city history”
“Hanvey and Farrell told investigators they approached Holland because they saw him walking past a Chinese restaurant on 51st Street and asked a witness on the street where the gunshots she’d heard had come from. They said the woman had pointed toward Holland and said the shots came from where he was walking. But the woman later told police investigators she had only pointed toward the Chinese restaurant, and didn’t mention a man at all.”
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